Rhinella marina (Linnaeus, 1758)
Marine Toad (English), Agua Toad, Giant Toad, Cane Toad
Ecology and Distribution
This species has been introduced to the Philippines and has invaded all major and many smaller islands throughout the country.
This invasive species is found in all major faunal regions in the Philippines as well as many small island groups and islolated islets.
Although this species is exceptionally common in disturbed habitats, agriculatural lands (including rice fields), and residential habitat, observations have also been made of this species in distrubed, lowland forest.
- Rana marina Linnaeus, 1758 (synonym)
- Rhinella marina Chaparro, Pramuk, and Gluesenkamp, 2007 (synonym)
- Rhinella marinus Pramuk, Robertson, Sites, and Noonan, 2008 (synonym)