Eutropis multifasciata

Eutropis multifasciata (Kuhl, 1820)

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Overview

Biology

Eutropis multifasciata is the largest species of Eutropis that occurs in the Philippines, and is not closely related to the other species in the Philippine radiation. It exhibits a broad geographic range throughout Southeast Asia, with little genetic differentiation across this range. E. multifasciata appears to have excellent dispersal abilities both through natural and human mediated means. It is one of the more conspicuous lizards in this area of the world due to it's size, as well as because it is diurnally active and thrives in disturbed lowland habitats.

Description

Eutropis multifasciata can be distinguished from congeners by the following combination of characters: (1) body size large (SVL 75-140 mm for mature adults); (2) head scales smooth; (3) dorsal scales with 3 weak keels; (4) 38-48 vertebral scale rows between parietals and base of tail; (5) midbody scale rows 30-34; (6) 16-21 lamellae between 4th toe; (7) prefrontals in broad contact; (8) 6-8 lamellae beneath 1st toe; (9) supranasals narrowly separated at midline; (10) 6 or 7 upper and lower labials; (11) ear moderate in size, deeply sunk with 1 to several lobules on anterior margin (Brown & Alcala, 1980).

Conservation

Conservation Status

Due to it's broad geographic distribution and prevalence in disturbed habitats, according to the IUCN categories and classification structure, we consider the conservation status of this species as “Least Concern (LC)".

Description

Diagnostic Description

Coloration in life: Dorsal surfaces brown to olive brown, more or less uniform, or with black-edged scales which appear as narrow, black longitudinal lines; females and young tend to exhibit darker coloration of the lateral surfaces marked by greenish-white to white spots; males may have a large yellow to orange spot on neck and anterior lateral surface, especially during breeding season; venter light with a greenish to bluish tinge (Brown & Alcala, 1980)

Look Alikes

Within the Philippines, Eutropis multifasciata is most similar to E. rudis. E multifasciata can be distinguished by it's larger size, larger number of mid-body scale rows, and smaller number of lamellae beneath the 4th toe.

Size

109.0-137.0 mm SVL

Author(s): Siler, Cameron
Rights holder(s): Siler, Cameron

Ecology and Distribution

Type Locality

Type locality not given in original description; type repository unknown

Author(s): Siler, Cameron
Rights holder(s): Siler, Cameron

Distribution

Eutropis multifasciata is broadly distributed in Southeast Asia, on the mainland throughout India, China, Myanmar, Thailand, Laos, Cambodia, Vietnam, Singapore, Peninsular Malaysia, as well as throughout the Malaysian, Indonesian, and Philippine Archipelago's, New Guinea, and Palau

Faunal Affinity

This species is recognized to occur throughout the Philippines, India, much of southeast Asia, and the East Indies.

Author(s): Siler, Cameron
Rights holder(s): Siler, Cameron

Habitat

E. multifasciata is a common species throughout it's range that occurs in open areas of lowland and submontain forest, as well as secondary vegetation and highly disturbed habitats such as bamboo or coconut groves from near sea level to 1200 meters or more.

Ecology

This species is active diurnally in open areas where it can be found basking, however it can also be found hiding under bark, piles of vegetation, and in tree holes.

Reproduction

This species if viviparous, with females giving birth to 2 to 10 offspring. Offspring SVL range from roughly 35-45 mm (Brown & Alcala, 1980).

Taxonomy

  • Scincus multifasciatus Kuhl, 1820:126 (synonym)
  • Mabuya multifasciata Fitzinger, 1826 (synonym)
  • Euprepes sebae Duméril & Bibron, 1839:692 (synonym)
  • Tropidolepisma macrurus Bleeker, 1860 (synonym)
  • Plestiodon sikkimensis Gray, 1853:388 (synonym)
  • Mabuia multifasciata De Rooji, 1915:162 (synonym)
  • Mabuia monticola Annandale, 1905:143 (synonym)
  • Mabuya multifasciata balinensis Mertens, 1927 (synonym)
  • Mabuya multifasciata balinensis Mertens, 1930:147 (synonym)
  • Mabuya multifasciata Dammerman, 1929 (synonym)
  • Mabuya multifasciata Smith, 1935:268 (synonym)
  • Mabuya multifasciata Taylor, 1963:950 (synonym)
  • Mabuya multifasciata Hendrickson, 1966:65 (synonym)
  • Mabuya multifasciata Grandison, 1972:82 (synonym)
  • Mabuya multifasciata Brown & Alcala, 1980:131 (synonym)
  • Mabuya multifasciata Manthey & Grossman, 1997:271 (synonym)
  • Mabuya multifasciata Cox et al., 1998:110 (synonym)
  • Mabuya multifasciata Gaulke, 1999 (synonym)
  • Eutropis multifasciata Mausfeld et al., 2003 (synonym)
  • Mabuya multifasciata Ziegler, 2002:199 (synonym)
  • Eutropis multifasciata Wood et al., 2004 (synonym)
  • Mabuya multifasciata Malkmus et al., 2002 (synonym)
  • Mabuya multifasciata Bobrov & Semenov, 2008 (synonym)

References

Brown, W. C., & Alcala A. C. (1980).  Philippine Lizards of the Family Scincidae. (LawD., Ed.). Dumaguete City, Philippines: Silliman University Press.